Phalloplasty Flap-Related Complication

Clin Plast Surg. 2018 Jul;45(3):415-424. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2018.03.017.


This article focuses on flap-related complications after creation of a neophallus for transgender individuals. It outlines the most frequently used flaps for this procedure and how flap-related complications can affect the overall outcome of the phalloplasty. With surgeons staging the procedure in different stages, it is important to understand the different strategies and the implication a flap-related complication can have on the end result and how it may be prevented.

Keywords: Complications; Phalloplasty; Radial forearm free flap phalloplasty; Transgender.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Penis / surgery*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Sex Reassignment Surgery / adverse effects*
  • Surgical Flaps / adverse effects*
  • Transsexualism / surgery*
  • Urethra / surgery