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Meta-Analysis
. 2018 Jul;64(3):159-165.
doi: 10.1016/j.jphys.2018.05.003. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Exercise Programs May Be Effective in Preventing a New Episode of Neck Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Meta-Analysis

Exercise Programs May Be Effective in Preventing a New Episode of Neck Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Tarcisio F de Campos et al. J Physiother. .

Abstract

Question: What is the effectiveness of interventions that aim to prevent a new episode of neck pain?

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised, controlled trials.

Participants: People without neck pain at study entry.

Intervention: Any intervention aiming to prevent a future episode of neck pain.

Outcome measures: New episode of neck pain.

Results: Five trials including a total of 3852 individuals met the inclusion criteria. The pooled results from two randomised, controlled trials (500 participants) found moderate-quality evidence that exercise reduces the risk of a new episode of neck pain (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.12 to 0.86). One of the meta-analysed trials included some co-interventions with the exercise. There was low-quality evidence from three randomised, controlled trials (3352 participants) that ergonomic programs do not reduce the risk of a new neck pain episode (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.35).

Conclusion: This review found moderate-quality evidence supporting the effectiveness of an exercise program for reducing the risk of a new episode of neck pain. There is a need for high-quality randomised, controlled trials evaluating interventions to prevent new episodes of neck pain.

Registration: PROSPERO CRD42017055174. [de Campos TF, Maher CG, Steffens D, Fuller JT, Hancock MJ (2018) Exercise programs may be effective in preventing a new episode of neck pain: a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy 64: 159-165].

Keywords: Meta-analysis; Neck pain; Prevention; Randomised controlled trial; Systematic review.

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