Thrombospondin-1 interactions regulate eicosanoid metabolism and signaling in cancer-related inflammation

Cancer Metastasis Rev. 2018 Sep;37(2-3):469-476. doi: 10.1007/s10555-018-9737-x.


The metabolism of arachidonic acid and other polyunsaturated fatty acids produces eicosanoids, a family of biologically active lipids that are implicated in homeostasis and in several pathologies that involve inflammation. Inflammatory processes mediated by eicosanoids promote carcinogenesis by exerting direct effects on cancer cells and by affecting the tumor microenvironment. Therefore, understanding how eicosanoids mediate cancer progression may lead to better approaches and chemopreventive strategies for the treatment of cancer. The matricellular protein thrombospondin-1 is involved in processes that profoundly regulate inflammatory pathways that contribute to carcinogenesis and metastatic spread. This review focuses on interactions of thrombospondin-1 and eicosanoids in the microenvironment that promote carcinogenesis and how the microenvironment can be targeted for cancer prevention to increase curative responses of cancer patients.

Keywords: Angiogenesis; Chemoprevention; Extracellular matrix; Immune regulation; Metabolomics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eicosanoids / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism*
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Thrombospondin 1 / metabolism*


  • Eicosanoids
  • Thrombospondin 1