CARs and other T cell therapies for MM: The clinical experience

Best Pract Res Clin Haematol. 2018 Jun;31(2):147-157. doi: 10.1016/j.beha.2018.03.002. Epub 2018 Mar 27.


Harnessing the endogenous immune system to eliminate malignant cells has long been an intriguing approach. After considerable success in the treatment of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells have entered early clinical evaluation in the field of multiple myeloma (MM). The choice of suitable non-CD19 target antigens is challenging and a variety of myeloma-associated surface molecules have been under preclinical investigation. Most recent clinical protocols have focused on targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), and early results are promising. The trials differ in receptor constructs, patient selection, dosing strategies and conditioning chemotherapy and will thus pave the way to eventually define the optimal parameters. Other sources for autologous T-cell therapy of MM include affinity-enhanced T-cell receptor-modified cells and marrow infiltrating lymphocytes. In summary, adoptive T-cell transfer for the treatment of MM is still in its infancy, but if early response rates indicate durability, will be a paradigm changing therapeutic modality for the treatment of MM.

Keywords: Adoptive transfer; B-cell maturation antigen; BCMA; Chimeric antigen receptor; Immunotherapy; Multiple myeloma; T-lymphocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • B-Cell Maturation Antigen / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive / methods*
  • Multiple Myeloma* / metabolism
  • Multiple Myeloma* / pathology
  • Multiple Myeloma* / therapy
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen* / immunology
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen* / therapeutic use
  • T-Lymphocytes* / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes* / pathology
  • T-Lymphocytes* / transplantation


  • B-Cell Maturation Antigen
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
  • TNFRSF17 protein, human