The Evolution of Therapeutic Strategies: Niche Apportionment for Hybrid Palliation

Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Dec;106(6):1873-1880. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.05.048. Epub 2018 Jun 18.


Hybrid palliation, the concept to stabilize univentricular circulation with bilateral pulmonary artery banding and maintenance of ductal patency, has significantly widened the therapeutic spectrum for patients with single-ventricle malformations or borderline hypoplasia. The concept has already been a part of early attempts to improve outcome in hypoplastic left heart syndrome but has not attracted much attention initially. Technical refinement and expertise have led to results that ultimately allowed the palliative strategy to gain traction and to be selectively adopted. By now, we have gained almost 2 decades of experience, and as much as hybrid palliation has changed our approach to single-ventricle management, new strategies and indications have been formed by this experience. We therefore review concepts and patterns of use of hybrid palliation as well as benefits and challenges of the respective pathways to highlight the current status of the hybrid procedure.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Heart Ventricles / abnormalities*
  • Heart Ventricles / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / surgery*
  • Norwood Procedures / methods