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Review
. 2018;47(3):1274-1286.
doi: 10.1159/000490223. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

A New Pathogenesis of Albuminuria: Role of Transcytosis

Free article
Review

A New Pathogenesis of Albuminuria: Role of Transcytosis

Fang-Fang He et al. Cell Physiol Biochem. .
Free article

Abstract

Transcytosis is an important intracellular transport process by which multicellular organisms selectively move cargoes from apical to basolateral membranes without disrupting cellular homeostasis. In kidney, macromolecular components in the serum, such as albumin, low-density lipoprotein and immunoglobulins, pass through the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) and proximal tubular cells (PTCs) by transcytosis. Protein transcytosis plays a vital role in the pathology of albuminuria, which causes progressive destruction of the GFB structure and function. However, the pathophysiological consequences of protein transcytosis in the kidney remain largely unknown. This article summarizes recent researches on the regulation of albumin transcytosis across the GFB and PTCs in both physiological and pathological conditions. Understanding the mechanism of albumin transcytosis may reveal potential therapeutic targets for prevention or alleviation of the pathological consequences of albuminuria.

Keywords: Albuminuria; Glomerular filtration barrier; Proximal tubular cell; Transcytosis.

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