Suppression of Plant Defenses by Herbivorous Mites Is Not Associated with Adaptation to Host Plants

Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Jun 15;19(6):1783. doi: 10.3390/ijms19061783.

Abstract

Some herbivores suppress plant defenses, which may be viewed as a result of the coevolutionary arms race between plants and herbivores. However, this ability is usually studied in a one-herbivore-one-plant system, which hampers comparative studies that could corroborate this hypothesis. Here, we extend this paradigm and ask whether the herbivorous spider-mite Tetranychus evansi, which suppresses the jasmonic-acid pathway in tomato plants, is also able to suppress defenses in other host plants at different phylogenetic distances from tomatoes. We test this using different plants from the Solanales order, namely tomato, jimsonweed, tobacco, and morning glory (three Solanaceae and one Convolvulaceae), and bean plants (Fabales). First, we compare the performance of T. evansi to that of the other two most-commonly found species of the same genus, T. urticae and T. ludeni, on several plants. We found that the performance of T. evansi is higher than that of the other species only on tomato plants. We then showed, by measuring trypsin inhibitor activity and life history traits of conspecific mites on either clean or pre-infested plants, that T. evansi can suppress plant defenses on all plants except tobacco. This study suggests that the suppression of plant defenses may occur on host plants other than those to which herbivores are adapted.

Keywords: host-plant adaptation; plant-herbivore interactions; solanales; tetranychidae.

MeSH terms

  • Acari / genetics
  • Acari / metabolism
  • Acari / pathogenicity*
  • Adaptation, Physiological*
  • Animals
  • Fabaceae / immunology
  • Fabaceae / parasitology
  • Host Specificity
  • Host-Parasite Interactions*
  • Life History Traits
  • Plant Immunity*
  • Solanum tuberosum / immunology
  • Solanum tuberosum / parasitology
  • Tobacco / immunology
  • Tobacco / parasitology
  • Trypsin Inhibitors / metabolism

Substances

  • Trypsin Inhibitors