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. 2018 Jul;47(7):722-734.
doi: 10.1177/0301006618775026.

Enhancing Motion-In-Depth Perception of Random-Dot Stereograms

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Enhancing Motion-In-Depth Perception of Random-Dot Stereograms

Di Zhang et al. Perception. .

Abstract

Random-dot stereograms have been widely used to explore the neural mechanisms underlying binocular vision. Although they are a powerful tool to stimulate motion-in-depth (MID) perception, published results report some difficulties in the capacity to perceive MID generated by random-dot stereograms. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the performance of MID perception could be improved using an appropriate stimulus design. Sixteen inexperienced observers participated in the experiment. A training session was carried out to improve the accuracy of MID detection before the experiment. Four aspects of stimulus design were investigated: presence of a static reference, background texture, relative disparity, and stimulus contrast. Participants' performance in MID direction discrimination was recorded and compared to evaluate whether varying these factors helped MID perception. Results showed that only the presence of background texture had a significant effect on MID direction perception. This study provides suggestions for the design of 3D stimuli in order to facilitate MID perception.

Keywords: 3D perception; motion-in-depth; random-dot stereograms; stereo vision.

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