Background: Metal on metal hip resurfacing (MoM-HR) is an alternative to total hip arthroplasty in young and active patients. The purpose was to determine the survivorship of MoM-HR procedures performed in patients aged 45 years and younger assessing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at minimum 5-year follow-up.
Methods: All 217 patients equal to or younger than 45 years of age at the time of surgical intervention presenting to our center with MoM-HR between May 2002 and May 2011 were prospectively followed. Baseline demographic data, preoperative and postoperative radiographic measurements, and validated PROMs were obtained (Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and University of California, Los Angeles Activity Score). Survivorship was calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis, and risk factors for failure were identified using multivariate regression analysis.
Results: The overall survivorship excluding septic failures was 94.6% and 93.8% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Aseptic loosening of the acetabular component was the most common mode of failure (11/20 cases). Gender, head size, and acetabular abduction angle had no significant effect on survivorship. Significant improvements in PROMs were seen for Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and University of California, Los Angeles Activity Scale (P < .001).
Conclusion: This study indicates that MoM-HR is a suitable option for young individuals, as demonstrated through improved functional scores and low revision rates. The survivorship of HR in the younger than 45 age-group was similar to that of total hip arthroplasty, as well as HR in older patients. Given the proposed benefits of HR, this procedure may be viewed as a viable option in patients aged younger than 45 years.
Keywords: failures; hip resurfacing; metal on metal; patient-reported outcome measures; survivorship.
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