Nitric Oxide Controls Constitutive Freezing Tolerance in Arabidopsis by Attenuating the Levels of Osmoprotectants, Stress-Related Hormones and Anthocyanins

Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 18;8(1):9268. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27668-8.

Abstract

Plant tolerance to freezing temperatures is governed by endogenous constitutive components and environmental inducing factors. Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the endogenous components that participate in freezing tolerance regulation. A combined metabolomic and transcriptomic characterization of NO-deficient nia1,2noa1-2 mutant plants suggests that NO acts attenuating the production and accumulation of osmoprotective and regulatory metabolites, such as sugars and polyamines, stress-related hormones, such as ABA and jasmonates, and antioxidants, such as anthocyanins and flavonoids. Accordingly, NO-deficient plants are constitutively more freezing tolerant than wild type plants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / biosynthesis
  • Adaptation, Physiological*
  • Anthocyanins / metabolism*
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / physiology*
  • Ascorbic Acid / metabolism
  • Cyclopentanes / metabolism
  • Freezing*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glycolysis
  • Metabolome
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Osmosis*
  • Oxylipins / metabolism
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Stress, Physiological*
  • Transcriptome / genetics

Substances

  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Cyclopentanes
  • Oxylipins
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Nitric Oxide
  • jasmonic acid
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Glutathione
  • Ascorbic Acid