Phase III randomized study of the proposed adalimumab biosimilar GP2017 in psoriasis: impact of multiple switches

Br J Dermatol. 2018 Sep;179(3):623-631. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16890. Epub 2018 Jul 15.


Background: Adalimumab is used to treat several inflammatory diseases, including plaque psoriasis. GP2017 is a proposed adalimumab biosimilar.

Objectives: To assess the impact of multiple switches between GP2017 and reference adalimumab (ref-ADMB) following the demonstration of equivalent efficacy and similar safety and immunogenicity, in adult patients with active, clinically stable, moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

Methods: This 51-week double-blinded, phase III study randomly assigned patients to GP2017 (n = 231) or ref-ADMB (n = 234) 80 mg subcutaneously at week 0, then 40 mg biweekly from week 1. At week 17, patients were rerandomized to switch (n = 126) or continue (n = 253) treatment. The primary end point was patients achieving ≥ 75% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) at week 16, with equivalence confirmed if the 95% confidence interval (CI) for the difference in PASI 75 between treatments was ± 18%. The key secondary end point was the change from baseline to week 16 in continuous PASI. Other end points were PASI over time; PASI 50, 75, 90 and100; pharmacokinetics; safety; tolerability and immunogenicity for the switched and continued treatment groups.

Results: Equivalent efficacy between GP2017 and ref-ADMB was confirmed for the primary (66·8% and 65·0%, respectively; 95% CI -7·46 to 11·15) and key secondary end points (-60·7% and -61·5%, respectively; 95% CI -3·15 to 4·84). PASI improved over time and was similar between treatment groups at week 16, and the switched and continued groups from weeks 17 to 51. There were no relevant safety or immunogenicity differences between GP2017 and ref-ADMB at week 16, or the switched and continued groups from weeks 17 to 51. No hypersensitivity to adalimumab was reported upon switching.

Conclusions: Following the demonstration of GP2017 biosimilarity to ref-ADMB, switching up to four times between GP2017 and ref-ADMB had no detectable impact on efficacy, safety or immunogenicity.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adalimumab / administration & dosage*
  • Adalimumab / adverse effects
  • Adalimumab / pharmacokinetics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / adverse effects
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / administration & dosage*
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / adverse effects
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Substitution
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psoriasis / diagnosis
  • Psoriasis / drug therapy*
  • Psoriasis / immunology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals
  • GP2017
  • Adalimumab