This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics of breast invasive ductal carcinoma (BIDC) in patients with different molecular subtypes and identify possible correlation to prognosis. miR- 10b expression level was detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Tissue sections were collected and stained using the immunohistochemical method. The samples were grouped into human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, (HER2) overexpression, Triple negative, Luminal A and Luminal B groups. Age, tumor size, breast cancer molecular subtype, clinical stage, miR-10b positive expression, positive expression of Ki-67 and survival rate of patients diagnosed with BIDC were analyzed. The expression of miR-10b was down-regulated in the breast carcinoma tissues. Age and clinical stage were distinctly different among patients with different molecular subtypes of BIDC (p less than 0.05). Tumor size was not remarkably different (p less than 0.05) among different subtypes. The positive expression rate of miR-10b was lowest in patients with Luminal B BIDC; the positive expression of Ki-67 was in different correlation with the expression of different receptors, and there was a remarkable difference (p less than 0.05); moreover, the survival rate of patients with Luminal A and B BIDC was significantly higher compared to patients with other molecular subtypes (p less than 0.05). Clinical characteristics and prognosis of BIDC vary among different molecular subtypes. This study provides valuable input on BIDC therapy.