The mechanism of guanosine triphosphate depletion in the liver after a fructose load. The role of fructokinase

Biochem J. 1985 Jun 15;228(3):667-71. doi: 10.1042/bj2280667.


A Sephadex G-25 filtrate of a 100 000g supernatant of rat liver homogenate was shown to be able to phosphorylate fructose, with GTP as the phosphate donor. Attempts to separate ATP- and GTP-dependent fructokinase activities failed, indicating that there is a single enzyme able to use both nucleotides. With a partially purified enzyme, Km values for fructose of 0.83 and 0.56 mM were found with ATP and GTP as substrates respectively. Km values of 1.53 and 1.43 mM were found for GTP and ATP respectively. Both ADP and GDP inhibited the GTP- and ATP-dependent fructokinase activity. We conclude that the depletion of hepatic GTP caused by intravenous administration of fructose to mice and rats can be explained simply by the utilization of the nucleotide by fructokinase.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / pharmacology
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Fructokinases / metabolism*
  • Fructose / metabolism*
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Phosphotransferases / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Fructose
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Phosphotransferases
  • Fructokinases
  • fructokinase