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. 2018 Aug;79:96-123.
doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2018.06.005. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Effects of Bisphenol A and Its Analogs on Reproductive Health: A Mini Review

Free PMC article

Effects of Bisphenol A and Its Analogs on Reproductive Health: A Mini Review

Jacob Steven Siracusa et al. Reprod Toxicol. .
Free PMC article


Known endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to be a reproductive toxicant in animal models. Its structural analogs: bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) are increasingly being used in consumer products. However, these analogs may exert similar adverse effects on the reproductive system, and their toxicological data are still limited. This mini-review examined studies on both BPA and BPA analog exposure and reproductive toxicity. It outlines the current state of knowledge on human exposure, toxicokinetics, endocrine activities, and reproductive toxicities of BPA and its analogs. BPA analogs showed similar endocrine potencies when compared to BPA, and emerging data suggest they may pose threats as reproductive hazards in animal models. While evidence based on epidemiological studies is still weak, we have utilized current studies to highlight knowledge gaps and research needs for future risk assessments.

Keywords: Bisphenol A; Bisphenol AF; Bisphenol F; Bisphenol S; Reproductive toxicity; Tetrabromobisphenol A.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

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