Interval Since Last HIV Test for Men and Women with Recent Risk for HIV Infection - United States, 2006-2016

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Jun 22;67(24):677-681. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6724a2.


Since 2006, CDC has recommended routine screening of all persons aged 13-64 years for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at least annual rescreening of persons at higher risk (1). However, national surveillance data indicate that many persons at higher risk for HIV infection are not screened annually, and delays in diagnosis persist (2). CDC analyzed 2006-2016 data from the General Social Survey (GSS)* and estimated that only 39.6% of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults had ever tested for HIV. Among persons ever tested, the estimated median interval since last test was 1,080 days or almost 3 years. Only 62.2% of persons who reported HIV-related risk behaviors in the past 12 months were ever tested for HIV, and the median interval since last test in this group was 512 days (1.4 years). The percentage of persons ever tested and the interval since last test remained largely unchanged during 2006-2016. More frequent screening of persons with ongoing HIV risk is needed to achieve full implementation of CDC's screening recommendations and to prevent new infections. Integration of routine screening as standard clinical practice through existing strategies, such as electronic medical record prompts (3), or through new, innovative strategies might be needed to increase repeat screening of persons with ongoing risk.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk
  • Time Factors
  • United States
  • Young Adult