Extending the ophthalmological phenotype of Galloway-Mowat syndrome with distinct retinal dysfunction: a report and review of ocular findings

BMC Ophthalmol. 2018 Jun 22;18(1):147. doi: 10.1186/s12886-018-0820-4.


Background: Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition first described in 1968 and characterized by microcephaly and infantile onset of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities resulting in severely delayed psychomotor development, cerebellar atrophy, epilepsy, and ataxia, as well as renal abnormalities such as nephrotic syndrome, proteinuria, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and hiatal hernia.

Case presentation: We describe a GMS case diagnosed with homozygous missense mutation in the WDR73 gene, with absence of renal abnormalities. We expanded the clinical phenotype of GMS with WDR73 gene defect to include retinal dysfunction with missense mutation and developmental dysplasia of the hip. We compared eye findings of our case to previously reported cases, and we present an electroretinogram (ERG) picture for the first time in the literature.

Conclusion: We recommend that clinicians screen patients with GM syndrome for retinal dysfunction and that a skeletal survey should be done to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) so as to provide for early intervention.

Keywords: Absence of perinatal and neonatal renal dysfunction; Galloway-Mowat syndrome; Retinal dysfunction; WDR37.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA / genetics*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Electroretinography
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hernia, Hiatal / complications
  • Hernia, Hiatal / diagnosis
  • Hernia, Hiatal / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Microcephaly / complications
  • Microcephaly / diagnosis
  • Microcephaly / genetics*
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Nephrosis / complications
  • Nephrosis / diagnosis
  • Nephrosis / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Retinal Diseases / metabolism


  • Proteins
  • WDR73 protein, human
  • DNA

Supplementary concepts

  • Galloway Mowat syndrome