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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2018 Jun;30(2):189-196.
doi: 10.24869/psyd.2018.189.

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy on Work Stress and Mental Health of Psychiatric Nurses

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Free article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy on Work Stress and Mental Health of Psychiatric Nurses

Jiao Yang et al. Psychiatr Danub. .
Free article

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric nurses are a special group of nursing staff, they experience greater work stress and lower mental health levels than regular nurses. In order to address this problem, the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on work stress and mental health of psychiatric nurses is investigated in this study.

Subjects and methods: From August 2017 to November 2017, 100 psychiatric nurses, including 68 females and 32 males, were selected as participants from three hospitals in Hunan Province of China. They were randomly divided into the intervention and control groups, with 50 respondents in each group. MBSR therapy was used as psychological intervention in the intervention group. Before and after the intervention, the two groups were assessed with the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Nursing Stress Scale.

Results: (1) After the intervention, the SCL-90 score of the intervention group decrease significantly, and a statistically significant difference is observed with the figure before the intervention (P<0.001). No statistically significant difference is found in the control group (P>0.05). (2) After the intervention, the SDS and SAS scores of the intervention group decrease significantly, and a statistically significant difference is observed with the figures before the intervention (P<0.001). No statistically significant difference is found in the control group (P>0.05). (3) After the intervention, the Nursing Stress Scale score of the intervention group Nursing Stress Scale decrease significantly, and a statistically significant difference is observed with the figure before the intervention (P<0.001). No statistically significant difference is found in the control group (P>0.05).

Conclusions: MBSR therapy can reduce work stress, anxiety, depression, and other negative emotions among psychiatric nurses and improve their mental health.

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