Canine Prostate Disease

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2018 Jul;48(4):701-719. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.02.012.


All intact, male dogs will experience benign prostatic hyperplasia and hypertrophy, usually by around 6 years old. Although these dogs will be predisposed to prostatic infections, only a small subset will actually develop infections or show clinical signs of discomfort or subfertility. Neutered male dogs have a higher incidence of neoplasia associated with the prostate. Updated diagnostic tests, including canine prostate-specific arginine esterase, are discussed. Castration is compared with medical treatment options. Updated treatment recommendations include reducing antibiotic exposure to 4 weeks for bacterial infections and use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs for neoplastic disease.

Keywords: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); Canine prostate-specific arginine esterase (CPSE); Prostate; Prostatic neoplasia; Prostatitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control
  • Dogs
  • Male
  • Orchiectomy / veterinary*
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / diagnosis
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / prevention & control
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / veterinary*