Methods for the detection and characterization of Streptococcus suis: from conventional bacterial culture methods to immunosensors

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2018 Dec;111(12):2233-2247. doi: 10.1007/s10482-018-1116-7. Epub 2018 Jun 23.


One of the most important zoonotic pathogens worldwide, Streptococcus suis is a swine pathogen that is responsible for meningitis, toxic shock and even death in humans. S. suis infection develops rapidly with nonspecific clinical symptoms in the early stages and a high fatality rate. Recently, much attention has been paid to the high prevalence of S. suis as well as the increasing incidence and its epidemic characteristics. As laboratory-acquired infections of S. suis can occur and it is dangerous to public health security, timely and early diagnosis has become key to controlling S. suis prevalence. Here, the techniques that have been used for the detection, typing and characterization of S. suis are reviewed and the prospects for future detection methods for this bacterium are also discussed.

Keywords: Detection; Immunological; Immunosensor; PCR; Streptococcus suis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques / methods
  • Bacteriological Techniques / methods*
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay / methods*
  • Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis
  • Streptococcal Infections / microbiology*
  • Streptococcal Infections / veterinary*
  • Streptococcus suis / classification
  • Streptococcus suis / genetics
  • Streptococcus suis / immunology
  • Streptococcus suis / isolation & purification*