Human Emotions on the Onset of Cardiovascular and Small Vessel Related Diseases

In Vivo. 2018 Jul-Aug;32(4):859-870. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11320.


Background/aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between understanding of emotions and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The uniqueness of this study lies in the fact that it examined the relationship between the cardiovascular related diseases named above and the understanding of emotions in the context of Emotional Intelligence (EI).

Patients and methods: The study was conducted in 300 participants during a 3 year period. All participants completed a self-report questionnaire, assessing various aspects of EI, such as self-emotion appraisal, other emotion appraisal, emotion regulation and use of emotions. As hypothesized, coronary heart disease is a prognostic factor of regulation of emotions.

Results: The present study is an attempt to examine the relation between emotional understanding and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Establishing which diseases are independent risk factors for the understanding of emotions, could have a significant impact on emotional health, through the treatment of these cardiovascular related diseases. Emotions were studied within the theoretical context of Emotional Intelligence (EI), which affects people's physical and mental health.

Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize on the relationship of cardiovascular related diseases and psychological characteristics, such as anxiety and anger, being aspects of EI. Additionally, this work fills a gap in the relevant Greek literature, as a first attempt to examine the correlation of EI with cardiovascular related diseases.

Keywords: Emotional intelligence; coronary heart disease; diabetes melitus; emotions; obesity.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / pathology
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / psychology*
  • Emotional Intelligence / physiology
  • Emotions / physiology*
  • Female
  • Greece / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / pathology
  • Obesity / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires