Current Applications and Future Impact of Machine Learning in Radiology

Radiology. 2018 Aug;288(2):318-328. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2018171820. Epub 2018 Jun 26.


Recent advances and future perspectives of machine learning techniques offer promising applications in medical imaging. Machine learning has the potential to improve different steps of the radiology workflow including order scheduling and triage, clinical decision support systems, detection and interpretation of findings, postprocessing and dose estimation, examination quality control, and radiology reporting. In this article, the authors review examples of current applications of machine learning and artificial intelligence techniques in diagnostic radiology. In addition, the future impact and natural extension of these techniques in radiology practice are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Machine Learning*
  • Radiology / methods*
  • Radiology / trends*
  • Radiology Information Systems*