Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex disorder that is associated with significant morbidity. While many recent advances have been made with new diagnostic and therapeutic tools, a deeper understanding of its basic pathophysiology is needed to continue this trend toward improving treatments. By utilizing an unbiased, high-throughput transcriptomic analysis of two well-established mouse models of colitis, we set out to uncover novel coding and noncoding RNAs that are differentially expressed in the setting of colonic inflammation. RNA-seq analysis was performed using colonic tissue from two mouse models of colitis, a dextran sodium sulfate-induced model and a genetic-induced model in mice lacking IL-10. We identified 81 coding RNAs that were commonly altered in both experimental models. Of these coding RNAs, 12 of the human orthologs were differentially expressed in a transcriptomic analysis of IBD patients. Interestingly, 5 of the 12 of human differentially expressed genes have not been previously identified as IBD-associated genes, including ubiquitin D. Our analysis also identified 15 noncoding RNAs that were differentially expressed in either mouse model. Surprisingly, only three noncoding RNAs were commonly dysregulated in both of these models. The discovery of these new coding and noncoding RNAs expands our transcriptional knowledge of mouse models of IBD and offers additional targets to deepen our understanding of the pathophysiology of IBD. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Much of the genome is transcribed as non-protein-coding RNAs; however, their role in inflammatory bowel disease is largely unknown. This study represents the first of its kind to analyze the expression of long noncoding RNAs in two mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and correlate them to human clinical samples. Using high-throughput RNA-seq analysis, we identified new coding and noncoding RNAs that were differentially expressed such as ubiquitin D and 5730437C11Rik.
Keywords: RNA-seq; inflammatory bowel disease; long noncoding RNA; ulcerative colitis.