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Review
. 2018 Jul;100-B(7):915-922.
doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.100B7.BJJ-2017-1467.R1.

Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Heterotopic Ossification Prophylaxis After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Review

Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Heterotopic Ossification Prophylaxis After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

M Joice et al. Bone Joint J. .

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of non-selective and selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in preventing heterotopic ossification (HO) after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: A thorough and systematic literature search was conducted and 29 studies were found that met inclusion criteria. Data were extracted and statistical analysis was carried out generating forest plots.

Results: Non-selective NSAIDs showed a significant decrease in the odds for forming HO after THA (odds ratio (OR) -1.35, confidence interval (CI) -1.83 to -0.86) when compared with placebo. Selective NSAIDs also showed a significant decrease in the odds for forming HO after THA when compared with placebo (OR -1.58, CI -2.41 to -0.75). When comparing non-selective NSAIDs with selective NSAIDs, there was no significant change in the odds for forming HO after THA (OR 0.22, CI -0.36 to 0.79).

Conclusion: Our meta-analyses of all available data suggest that both non-selective and selective NSAIDs are effective HO prophylaxis and can be used routinely after THA for pain control as well as prevention of HO. Indomethacin may serve as the benchmark among non-selective NSAIDs and celecoxib among selective NSAIDs. There was no difference in the incidence of HO between non-selective and selective NSAIDs, allowing physicians to choose either based on the clinical scenario and patient-specific factors. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:915-22.

Keywords: Heterotopic ossification; NSAIDs; Prophylaxis; Total hip arthroplasty.

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