Adenosine receptor-mediated changes in cyclic AMP production and DNA synthesis in cultured arterial smooth muscle cells

J Cell Physiol. 1985 Sep;124(3):451-6. doi: 10.1002/jcp.1041240314.


The effects of adenosine and two analogs, L-phenylisopropyladenosine (L-PIA) and 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), on cAMP production and on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated initiation of DNA synthesis in growth-arrested cultures of rat arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) were studied. The intracellular cAMP concentration was dose-dependently enhanced by micromolar concentrations of adenosine and its analogs, with the potency order NECA greater than adenosine greater than L-PIA. The effect was antagonized, in a competitive manner, by the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT). The stimulatory effect of adenosine was enhanced by 3 microM dipyridamole an adenosine-uptake blocker. DNA synthesis was inhibited in a parallel manner, showing the same potency order. The inhibition was antagonized by 8-PT. Forskolin, a diterpene with the ability to stimulate the catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase and thereby cAMP formation, potentiated the effects of micromolar concentrations of NECA and L-PIA. Forskolin, by itself, stimulated cAMP production and inhibited DNA synthesis. The forskolin-stimulated increase in cAMP was inhibited by L-PIA at nanomolar concentrations. L-PIA in the nanomolar concentration range also stimulated DNA synthesis when initiation was stimulated with suboptimal concentrations of PDGF. These findings suggest the presence of adenosine receptors of both the A1- and A2-subtype on SM-mediating bidirectional changes of cAMP and DNA synthesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenine / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenosine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine-5'-(N-ethylcarboxamide)
  • Animals
  • Cell Division
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis*
  • DNA Replication* / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Phenylisopropyladenosine / pharmacology
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Purinergic


  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Purinergic
  • Colforsin
  • Phenylisopropyladenosine
  • Adenosine-5'-(N-ethylcarboxamide)
  • 9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Adenine
  • Adenosine