Reproductive cycling in adult baboons (Papio species) that were intrauterine growth restricted at birth implies normal fertility but increased psychosocial stress

J Med Primatol. 2018 Dec;47(6):427-429. doi: 10.1111/jmp.12356. Epub 2018 Jun 29.


We investigated menstrual cycles in intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR, 7-10 years, n = 8) and age-matched control (n = 10) baboons. Cycle duration and plasma anti-Mullerian hormone were similar. IUGR spent more days per cycle swollen and had elevated early morning fasted serum cortisol, suggesting normal fertility in the presence of increased psychosocial stress.

Keywords: IUGR; animal model; developmental programming; fertility; maternal nutrition; menstruation; tumescence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Fertility / physiology*
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / physiopathology
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / veterinary*
  • Menstrual Cycle / physiology*
  • Monkey Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Monkey Diseases / psychology*
  • Papio* / physiology
  • Stress, Psychological / physiopathology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*