5th generation cardiac troponin I and T assays in clinical routine - A head-to-head comparison with data from the Linz troponin (LITROP) study

Clin Chim Acta. 2018 Oct;485:195-204. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2018.06.027. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Abstract

Background: In Europe, clinicians use so called high-sensitivity assays for the measurement of cardiac troponin I and T (i.e., hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT assays, also termed 5th generation assays) since several years. We aimed at performing a head-to-head comparison of two 5th generation assays in "real life use".

Methods: We studied 3588 consecutive patients presenting to an emergency department. We used both, a hs-cTnI assay from Abbott and a hs-cTnT assay from Roche in clinical routine. We assessed (1) the capabilities of hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT for the prediction of 3.7 year all-cause mortality; (2) discordant diagnoses of myocardial injury by hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT according to the European gender-neutral 99th percentile upper reference limits (i.e., 26 ng/L and 14 ng/L, respectively); and (3) analyte kinetics in patient with serial troponin measurements.

Results: With respect to prognosis of all-cause mortality, the AUC of hs-cTnI was 0.81 (95% CI, 0.80-0.82), and the AUC of hs-cTnT was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.84-0.86). With respect to discordant diagnoses, 21% of the 3588 patients were classified as having myocardial injury by hs-cTnT but not by hs-cTnI, and < 1% were classified as having myocardial injury by hs-cTnI but not by hs-cTnT. In the patients with serial blood sampling, the median delta values were 6.3 ng/L and 25% for hs-cTnI, and 4.2 ng/L and 16% for hs-cTnT.

Conclusion: We found different characteristics of the Abbott hs-cTnI and the Roche hs-cTnT assays, especially when using the European gender-neutral 99th percentile upper reference limits. Clinically, these different characteristics are related to discordant results in the diagnosis and prognosis of patients presenting to an emergency department.

Keywords: Cardiac troponin; Diagnosis; Emergency department, method comparison; Myocardial injury; Prognosis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Chemical Analysis*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Troponin I / blood*
  • Troponin T / blood*

Substances

  • Troponin I
  • Troponin T