A sexual agreement is a mutual understanding between two partners regarding sexual and relational behaviors both within and outside of their relationship. Sexual agreements have been central to research and programming efforts around HIV prevention, primarily for male couples. A comprehensive scoping review of the primary literature on sexual agreements, including negotiated safety, was performed to identify what is known about sexual agreements among couples (n = 66). Results indicate a wide range of prevalence of agreements and measurements used to characterize sexual agreements. Findings also report associations between sexual agreements and health and relational outcomes. Several knowledge gaps were identified; specifically, the need to expand sexual agreements research beyond MSM populations and the need to better understand agreement breaks, break disclosure, and how variation in agreement categorization may impact reported prevalence. This review demonstrates the importance of broadening the evidence-base of sexual agreements research and programmatic focus.
Keywords: Couples; Negotiated safety; Sexual agreements.