Contents Summary 409 I. Introduction 409 II. RNA silencing machinery in Marchantia polymorpha 410 III. miRNA prediction by integrating omics approach 410 IV. miRNAs and their targets in Marchantia polymorpha 410 V. Mpo-miR390-mediated MpTAS3 tasiRNA biogenesis and potential tasiARF target MpARF2 414 VI. Artificial miRNA and CRISPR-CAS9 edited MIR gene in Marchantia polymorpha 414 VII. Conclusions 415 Acknowledgements 415 References 415 SUMMARY: The liverwort Marchantia polymorpha occupies an important phylogenetic position for comparative studies of land plant gene regulation. Multiple gene regulatory pathways mediated by small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs), trans-acting short-interfering RNAs, and heterochromatic siRNAs often associated with RNA-dependent DNA methylation, have been characterized in flowering plants. Genes for essential components for all of these small RNA-mediated gene silencing pathways are found in M. polymorpha as well as the moss Phsycomitrella patens, indicating that these pathways existed in the ancestral land plant. However, only seven miRNAs are conserved across land plants, with both ancestral and novel targets identified in M. polymorpha. There is little or no evidence that any of these conserved miRNAs are present in algae. As with other plants investigated, most miRNAs in M. polypmorpha exhibit lineage-specific evolution. Application of artificial miRNA and CRISPR-Cas9 technologies in genetic studies of M. polymorpha provide avenues to further investigate miRNA biology.
Keywords: Marchantia polymorpha; degradome; evolution; liverwort; microRNAs; omics approach.
© 2018 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2018 New Phytologist Trust.