Aging is accompanied by the decline in immune function, resulting in increasing susceptibility to infectious diseases and tumorigenesis. In our previous reports, we showed that Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis strain Plasma (LC-Plasma) stimulated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), which play an important role in viral infection, and oral administration of LC-Plasma showed prophylactic effects against viral infection both in mice and humans. However, the effects of long-term administration of LC-Plasma are not known. In this study, we investigated the effect of long-term oral administration of LC-Plasma on IFN-α induction activity and individual senescence in the senescence-accelerated mice strains Prone 1 (SAMP1) and Prone 10 (SAMP10). LC-Plasma administration promoted IFN-α induction activity and increased the naïve T cell ratio in SAMP1 mice. In SAMP10 mice, in addition to preventing a decrease in the naïve T cell ratio, aging-associated skin thinning was suppressed histologically and the expression of representative tight junction genes, such as Claudin-1 and Zo-1, was increased. Furthermore, age-related muscle weight loss tended to be suppressed in the LC-Plasma group and expression of the muscle degeneration gene FoxO-1 was significantly suppressed. Related to these phenotypes, the senescence score in the LC-Plasma group was significantly decreased at 47 weeks of age compared with that in the control group. Taken together, long-term oral administration of LC-Plasma could prevent immune-senescence and other senescence phenotypes at the organ level. Therefore, LC-Plasma is suggested to be a useful functional food material for decelerating individual senescence.
Keywords: IFN-α; Individual senescence; LC-Plasma; SAM.
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