Formation of stable kinetochore-microtubule attachments is essential for accurate chromosome segregation in human cells and depends on the NDC80 complex. We recently showed that Chmp4c, an endosomal sorting complex required for transport protein involved in membrane remodelling, localises to prometaphase kinetochores and promotes cold-stable kinetochore microtubules, faithful chromosome alignment and segregation. In the present study, we show that Chmp4c associates with the NDC80 components Hec1 and Nuf2 and is required for optimal NDC80 stability and Hec1-Nuf2 localisation to kinetochores in prometaphase. However, Chmp4c-depletion does not cause a gross disassembly of outer or inner kinetochore complexes. Conversely, Nuf2 is required for Chmp4c kinetochore targeting. Constitutive Chmp4c kinetochore tethering partially rescues cold-stable microtubule polymers in cells depleted of the endogenous Nuf2, showing that Chmp4c also contributes to kinetochore-microtubule stability independently of regulating Hec1 and Nuf2 localisation. Chmp4c interacts with tubulin in cell extracts, and binds and bundles microtubules in vitro through its highly basic N-terminal region (amino acids 1-77). Furthermore, the N-terminal region of Chmp4c is required for cold-stable kinetochore microtubules and efficient chromosome alignment. We propose that Chmp4c promotes stable kinetochore-microtubule attachments by regulating Hec1-Nuf2 localisation to kinetochores in prometaphase and by binding to spindle microtubules. These results identify Chmp4c as a novel protein that regulates kinetochore-microtubule interactions to promote accurate chromosome segregation in human cells.
Keywords: Attachment; Chmp4c; ESCRT; Kinetochore; Microtubules; NDC80.