Cerebrovascular manifestations in neurosarcoidosis: how common are they and does perivascular enhancement matter?

Clin Radiol. 2018 Oct;73(10):907.e15-907.e23. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2018.05.018. Epub 2018 Jun 30.


Aim: To determine the occurrence of ischaemic and haemorrhagic events in patients with neurosarcoidosis at presentation and follow-up and to evaluate its association with perivascular enhancement.

Materials and methods: The MRI findings in patients with neurosarcoidosis who presented to our institute from 2002-2017 were retrospectively reviewed, with emphasis on cerebrovascular events. A chi-squared test was used to evaluate the statistical association with presence of perivascular enhancement.

Results: A total of 49 patients (32 females and 17 males) were analysed. Ischaemic events were noted in four patients at presentation while parenchymal haemorrhages occurred in three patients. The combined occurrence of cerebrovascular events (CVEs) at presentation was 14%. On follow-up, three additional patients developed ischaemic infarcts, of which, one patient had parenchymal haemorrhage at presentation. Additionally, one patient also developed new parenchymal haemorrhages. In total, 10 patients in current cohort developed CVEs, either at presentation or on follow-up. Perivascular enhancement was seen in 50% of patients with cerebrovascular events and 18% of patients with neurosarcoidosis, but no CVEs. This was statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: CVEs in patients with neurosarcoidosis are more common than previously reported and appear to be significantly related to the presence of perivascular enhancement on imaging.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Ischemia / etiology
  • Brain Ischemia / pathology
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / complications*
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / pathology
  • Cerebral Infarction / etiology
  • Cerebral Infarction / pathology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / etiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sarcoidosis / complications*
  • Sarcoidosis / pathology
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Neurosarcoidosis