Dietary Intake, Body Composition, and Oral Health Parameters among Female Patients with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome

Nutrients. 2018 Jul 4;10(7):866. doi: 10.3390/nu10070866.


There is limited knowledge about dietary intake and body composition among patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. We assessed dietary intakes with 24-h recalls and body composition with anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance in 20 female patients. Various scoring tools were used to assess oral health. The patients had a lower energy percentage (E%) from carbohydrates (p = 0.02) and a higher E% from fat (p = 0.01) compared to a reference group. The lower intake of carbohydrates was due to a lower bread intake (p = 0.04), while the higher intake of fat was due to a higher intake of butter, margarine, and oil (p = 0.01). The patients ate more than twice (p = 0.02) as much fish as the reference group. The compliance to recommended intakes of macro- and micronutrients was good. Forty-percent of the patients were overweight/obese. Increased intake of beverages was observed in patients with severe xerostomia and/or low oral health-related quality of life, whereas reduced fat intake was found in hyposmic patients. In conclusion, the dietary intake among the patients was not much different from the reference group and complied with recommendations. Most oral health parameters were not associated with nutrient intakes. Specific dietary guidelines are probably not needed to ensure adequate nutrition among such patients.

Keywords: body composition; dietary intakes; oral health; primary Sjögren’s syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Composition*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet, Healthy*
  • Electric Impedance
  • Energy Intake
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Nutritive Value*
  • Oral Health*
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / physiopathology*