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, 5 (11), 2889-93

Solubilization of Peripheral Benzodiazepine-Binding Sites From Rat Kidney

Solubilization of Peripheral Benzodiazepine-Binding Sites From Rat Kidney

M Gavish et al. J Neurosci.

Abstract

The ability of a variety of detergents to solubilize peripheral benzodiazepine-binding sites from rat kidney was tested. Of all the detergents tested, only digitonin was found to be suitable for solubilization. This detergent solubilized 21% of the binding activity; 47% was inactivated, and 32% remained in the pellet. Specific binding of [3H]Ro 5-4864 to membrane-bound and solubilized peripheral benzodiazepine-binding sites was saturable, yielding a linear Scatchard plot (r = 0.96). KD values obtained for the membrane-bound and solubilized peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites were 3.9 +/- 0.4 nM and 5.4 +/- 0.4 nM, respectively. Respective Bmax values were 4.6 +/- 0.5 and 1.9 +/- 0.2 pmol/mg of protein. The KD value for the solubilized material obtained from kinetic experiments was 5.3 +/- 0.6 nM. The potency of PK 11195, Ro 5-4864, diazepam, flurazepam, chlordiazepoxide, Ro 15-1788, methyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate, and clonazepam to displace bound [3H]Ro 5-4864 from peripheral binding sites was similar in the membrane-bound and the soluble states. Most of the binding activity of the solubilized binding sites was destroyed by heating at 60 degrees C for 30 min or by treatment with 2 M guanidinium chloride or 4 M urea. More than 95% of the binding activity of the solubilized binding sites was retained after 18 hr at 4 degrees C, and more than 60% was retained after 4 days at the same temperature. These results indicate that the binding characteristics of peripheral benzodiazepine-binding sites extant in the membrane-bound state are retained after solubilization.

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