Background: Low-profile, self-expandable stents are used to treat wide-neck aneurysms located on the smaller distal intracranial arteries. This study aimed to assess the usefulness of time-of-flight (TOF) and contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for follow-up after LEO Baby stent (LBS)-assisted coil embolization.
Methods: Twenty-four aneurysms treated with LBS-assisted coil embolization were evaluated. Researchers reviewed TOF MRA and CE MRA images in terms of occlusion and stent patency. Aneurysm occlusion was graded according to Raymond-Roy classification as follows: total occlusion (grade 1), residual neck (grade 2), and residual aneurysm (grade 3). Stent patency was scored as follows: occlusion (1), stenosis (2), and normal (3). Interobserver and intermodality agreement values were determined by weighted kappa (κ) statistics.
Results: Intermodality and interobserver values of TOF MRA and CE MRA with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were perfect (κ = 1.00, p < 0.001) in terms of aneurysm occlusion. Rate of stent occlusion and stenosis in DSA, TOF, and MRA, respectively, were as follows: 0 and 12.5%, 16.6 and 70.8%, and 0 and 62.5%. Intermodality agreement values of TOF MRA and CE MRA with DSA were insignificant in terms of stent patency (κ = 0.065, p = 0.27; κ = 0.158, p = 0.15, respectively). Interobserver agreement was substantial in both TOF MRA (κ = 0.71, p < 0.001) and CE MRA (κ = 0.64, p = 0.001).
Conclusions: Both TOF and CE MRA techniques have strong concordance with DSA for the detection of aneurysm occlusion status. CE MRA can be used as a first-line noninvasive imaging modality due to its superiority to TOF MRA with respect to the visualization of in-stent signals.
Keywords: Low-profile stent; intracranial aneurysm; magnetic resonance angiography; neurointervention.