Insufficient pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) laboratory monitoring could increase HIV resistance and sexually transmitted infections. We examined test-ordering in a primary care network. Providers did not order HIV testing before almost one-quarter of PrEP initiations; panel management was associated with higher testing. Effective monitoring is needed to maximize PrEP's preventive impact.
Keywords: HIV; behavioral disinhibition; pre-exposure prophylaxis; renal insufficiency; sexually transmitted infections.