We report a new method herein coined SP-CLipPA (solid-phase cysteine lipidation of a peptide or amino acid) for the synthesis of mono-S-lipidated peptides. This technique utilizes thiol-ene chemistry for conjugation of a vinyl ester to a free thiol of a semiprotected, resin-bound peptide. Advantages of SP-CLipPA include: ease of handling, conversions of up to 91 %, by-product removal by simple filtration, and a single purification step. Additionally, the desired lipidated products show high chromatographic separation from impurities, thus facilitating RP-HPLC purification. To showcase the utility of SP-CLipPA, we synthesized a potent calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist peptide in excellent yield and purity. This peptide, selected from a series of lipidated analogues of CGRP8-37 and CGRP7-37 , has potential for the treatment of migraine.
Keywords: conjugation; lipidation; peptides; solid-phase synthesis; synthetic methods.
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