Physical therapist decision-making in managing plantar heel pain: cases from a pragmatic randomized clinical trial

Physiother Theory Pract. 2020 May;36(5):638-662. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2018.1490941. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Abstract

Plantar heel pain (PHP) is a common condition managed by physical therapists that can, at times, be difficult to treat. Management of PHP is complicated by a variety of pathoanatomic features associated with PHP in addition to several treatment approaches with varying efficacy. Although clinical guidelines and clinical trial data support a general approach to management, the current literature is limited in case-specific descriptions of PHP management that addresses unique combinations of pathoanatomical, physical, and psychosocial factors that are associated with PHP. Purpose: The purpose of this case series is to describe physical therapist decision-making of individualized multimodal treatment for PHP cases presenting with varied clinical presentations. Treatment incorporated clinical guidelines and recent evidence including a combination of manual therapy, patient education, stretching, resistance training, and neurodynamic interventions. A common clinical decision-making framework was used to progress individualized treatment from a focus on symptom modulation initially to increased load tolerance of involved tissues and graded activity. In each case, patients met their individual goals and demonstrated clinically meaningful improvements in pain, function, and global rating of change that were maintained at the 1-2-year follow-up. Implications: This case series provides details of physical therapist management of a variety of PHP clinical presentations that can be used to complement clinical practice guidelines in the management of PHP.

Keywords: Plantar fasciitis; case series; clinical reasoning; education; exercise; manual therapy.