After serial passage at high multiplicity of infection of standard bovine rotavirus in MA104 cells, different genome rearrangements occurred in which segment 5 was lost from the RNA profile and distinct additional bands of double-stranded (ds) RNA were found in positions on gels between segments 1 and 6. It was shown that some of the additional RNA bands contained segment 5-specific sequences. The additional RNA bands were transcribed in vitro to apparent full length. Analysis of the proteins synthesized in cells infected with viruses possessing rearranged genomes showed that in all cases the product of RNA segment 5, VP5, was missing; however, in one case an abnormal protein was observed which corresponded in size to the coding capacity of the mRNA transcribed from the additional genomic RNA band. Viruses with rearranged genomes could be plaque purified, and they grew in the absence of standard virus to titers comparable to those obtained from standard virus. In mixed infections of standard virus and virus possessing genome rearrangements, standard virus overgrew during passage at low multiplicity of infection whereas virus possessing genome rearrangements overgrew during passage at high multiplicity of infection.