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, 65 (2), 128-139

[Latex Sensitization and Allergy in Hospital General De Mexico Surgery Residents]

[Article in Spanish]
Affiliations

[Latex Sensitization and Allergy in Hospital General De Mexico Surgery Residents]

[Article in Spanish]
Mariana Esther Arroyo-Cruz et al. Rev Alerg Mex.

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of latex allergy ranges from 0.8 to 6.5% and is the second cause of perioperative anaphylaxis. The main risk factors are being a health worker or latex producer, hours of latex gloves or products usage, exposure to other hand irritants, history of atopy, neural tube closure defects or numerous surgeries at early age.

Objective: To determine the frequency of latex sensitization in resident physicians of the Hospital General de México surgical area.

Methods: Prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study where skin prick tests were applied to residents of the surgical area of the Hospital General de México, which depends on the Ministry of Health and is located in Mexico City.

Results: Ninety-two subjects were included and had skin tests practiced, with 11 surgical specialties participating. Latex sensitization in this population was 11.9%, whereas the presence of latex allergy was 10.8%.

Conclusions: A high frequency of latex sensitization and allergy was demonstrated in Hospital General de Mexico surgery residents, which indicates the need for policies and procedures to be developed for health workers with latex allergy, as well as continuous training of employees on latex allergy.

Antecedentes: La prevalencia de alergia al látex oscila entre 0.8 y 6.5 % y es la segunda causa de anafilaxia perioperatoria. Los principales factores de riesgo son ser trabajador de la salud o productor de látex, horas de utilización de guantes o productos de látex, exposición a otros irritantes de manos, antecedente de atopia, defectos del cierre del tubo neural o numerosas cirugías a edad temprana. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de sensibilización al látex en médicos residentes del área quirúrgica del Hospital General de México. Métodos: Estudio clínico prospectivo, transversal, descriptivo, mediante la realización de prueba de punción cutánea a residentes del área quirúrgica del Hospital General de México, Secretaría de Salud, Ciudad de México. Resultados: Se incluyeron 92 sujetos a los cuales se les realizó pruebas cutáneas, participando 11 especialidades quirúrgicas. La sensibilización al látex en esta población fue de 11.9 % y la presencia de alergia al látex de 10.8 %. Conclusiones: Se demuestró alta frecuencia de sensibilización y alergia al látex en los residentes quirúrgicos del Hospital General de México, lo que indica la necesidad de desarrollar políticas y procedimientos para los trabajadores de salud con alergia al látex y la capacitación continua de empleados sobre alergia al látex.

Keywords: Latex allergy; Latex sensitization; Surgery residents.

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