Cobalt(II) ion as a promoter of hydroxyl radical and possible 'crypto-hydroxyl' radical formation under physiological conditions. Differential effects of hydroxyl radical scavengers

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 Dec 13;843(3):261-8. doi: 10.1016/0304-4165(85)90147-3.

Abstract

Co(II) ions react with hydrogen peroxide under physiological conditions to form a 'reactive species' that can hydroxylate aromatic compounds (phenol and salicylate) and degrade deoxyribose to thiobarbituric-acid-reactive material. Catalase decreases the formation of this species but superoxide dismutase or low concentrations of ascorbic acid have little effect. EDTA, present in excess over the Co(II), can accelerate deoxyribose degradation and aromatic hydroxylation. In the presence of EDTA, deoxyribose degradation by the reactive species is inhibited competitively by scavengers of the hydroxyl radical (.OH), their effectiveness being related to their second-order rate constants for reaction with .OH. In the absence of EDTA the scavengers inhibit only at much higher concentrations and their order of effectiveness is changed. It is suggested that, in the presence of EDTA, hydroxyl radical is formed 'in free solution' and attacks deoxyribose or an aromatic molecule. In the absence of EDTA, .OH radical is formed in a 'site-specific' manner and is difficult to intercept by .OH scavengers. The relationship of these results to the proposed 'crypto .OH' radical is discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Cobalt*
  • Deoxyribose / metabolism
  • Edetic Acid
  • Free Radicals
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Hydroxides / metabolism*
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Hydroxylation
  • Iron
  • Salts

Substances

  • Free Radicals
  • Hydroxides
  • Salts
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Cobalt
  • Deoxyribose
  • Edetic Acid
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Iron