Fractal-structured multifocal intraocular lens

PLoS One. 2018 Jul 9;13(7):e0200197. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200197. eCollection 2018.


In this work, we present a new concept of IOL design inspired by the demonstrated properties of reduced chromatic aberration and extended depth of focus of Fractal zone plates. A detailed description of a proof of concept IOL is provided. The result was numerically characterized, and fabricated by lathe turning. The prototype was tested in vitro using dedicated optical system and software. The theoretical Point Spread Function along the optical axis, computed for several wavelengths, showed that for each wavelength, the IOL produces two main foci surrounded by numerous secondary foci that partially overlap each other for different wavelengths. The result is that both, the near focus and the far focus, have an extended depth of focus under polychromatic illumination. This theoretical prediction was confirmed experimentally by means of the Through-Focus Modulation Transfer Function, measured for different wavelengths.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Fractals
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Multifocal Intraocular Lenses*
  • Optical Phenomena
  • Proof of Concept Study
  • Prosthesis Design

Grants and funding

This study was supported by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad FEDER (Grant DPI2015-71256-R) and by Generalitat Valenciana (Grant PROMETEOII-2014-072), Spain.