Translational bioinformatics is becoming a driven force and a new scientific paradigm for cancer research in the era of big data. To promote the cross-disciplinary communication and research, we take cholangiocarcinoma as an example to review the present status and the future perspectives of the bioinformatics models applied in cancer study. We first summarize the present application of computational methods to the study of cholangiocarcinoma ranged from pattern recognition of biological data, knowledge based data annotation to systems biological level modeling and clinical translation. Then the future opportunities and challenges about database or knowledge base building, novel model developing and molecular mechanism exploring as well as the intelligent decision supporting system construction for the precision diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of cholangiocarcinoma are discussed.
Keywords: bioinformatics model; biomarkers discovery; cholangiocarcinoma; precision diagnosis and prognosis.