Radiation Therapy Induced Esophageal Ulcer

S D Med. 2018 Feb;71(2):81-84.

Abstract

Dysproteinemia is excessive production of immunoglobulins from clonal proliferation of plasma or B cells. Cryoglobulins are a special group of immunoglobulins that precipitate below 37 degrees C. Type 1 cryoglobulinemia consists mostly of IgM and IgG that infrequently leads to glomerulonephritis. In these situations, an underlying malignancy is even rare with only 21 cases described so far with only four having chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We present a case of a 68-year-old male admitted with hypertension and kidney dysfunction who upon work up was found to have CLL. Kidney biopsy was performed that showed capillary loops thickening with massive intraluminal cryoglobulin deposition in the glomeruli on periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) stain and "tram tracking" on silver stains. The patient was started on chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone. After his fourth and final cycle of treatment, the patient's serum creatinine and Glomerular filtration rate improved to 1.2 mg/dL and 85 mL/min from 3 mg/dL and 29 mL/min respectively. One month later, his renal function remained mostly unchanged. The rare association of type 1 cryoglobulinemia with underlying CLL makes it a unique and intriguing case.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Cryoglobulinemia / complications
  • Cryoglobulinemia / diagnosis*
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Glomerulonephritis / etiology
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / complications
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / diagnosis
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Prednisone / administration & dosage
  • Rituximab / administration & dosage
  • Vincristine / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Rituximab
  • Vincristine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Prednisone