Non-contact mapping in cardiac electrophysiology

Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol. 2018 Sep;29(3):264-270. doi: 10.1007/s00399-018-0575-x. Epub 2018 Jul 10.


Catheter ablation of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias is now considered a standard technology for selected patients. In some patients, however, cure of the arrhythmia is hampered by the complexity of the arrhythmia or the way the arrhythmia presents in the electrophysiological laboratory: some focal atrial and ventricular arrhythmias are difficult to induce using electrical stimulation or medical provocation. Precise mapping of these arrhythmias is challenging or even impossible by contact mapping, while other arrhythmias are poorly tolerated and need early termination.In these scenarios, use of non-contact mapping technology can be an alternative to conventional mapping, since isopotential maps may require no more than one ectopic beat identical with the clinical focal arrhythmia to reconstruct its endocardial origin. This review article presents the technology of non-contact cardiac mapping, as well as various arrhythmias that have been successfully treated using this technology in the past. The possibilities and limitations of using non-contact cardiac mapping under various conditions are also presented.

Keywords: Catheter ablation; Electrical stimulation; Isopotential maps; Tachycardias; Unipolar electrograms.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac
  • Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Catheter Ablation*
  • Endocardium
  • Heart Atria
  • Humans