Goal: We present a model-based feature augmentation scheme to improve the performance of a learning algorithm for the detection of cardiac radio-frequency ablation (RFA) targets with respect to learning from images alone.
Methods: Initially, we compute image features from delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) to describe local tissue heterogeneities and feed them into a machine learning framework with uncertainty assessment for the identification of potential ablation targets. Next, we introduce the use of a patient-specific image-based model derived from DE-MRI coupled with the Mitchell-Schaeffer electrophysiology model and a dipole formulation for the simulation of intracardiac electrograms. Relevant features are extracted from these simulated signals which serve as a feature augmentation scheme for the learning algorithm. We assess the classifier's performance when using only image features and with model-based feature augmentation.
Results: We obtained average classification scores of 97.2 % accuracy, 82.4 % sensitivity, and 95.0 % positive predictive value by using a model-based feature augmentation scheme. Preliminary results also show that training the algorithm on the closest patient from the database, instead of using all the patients, improves the classification results.
Conclusion: We presented a feature augmentation scheme based on biophysical cardiac electrophysiology modeling to increase the prediction scores of a machine learning framework for the RFA target prediction.
Significance: The results derived from this study are a proof of concept that the use of model-based feature augmentation strengthens the performance of a purely image driven learning scheme for the prediction of cardiac ablation targets.