Evaluating Implementation Fidelity of a School-Based Parenting Program for Low-Income Families

J Sch Nurs. 2019 Oct;35(5):325-336. doi: 10.1177/1059840518786995. Epub 2018 Jul 11.


Young children first develop the social-behavioral skills needed to succeed in school from parents. However, most school-based interventions designed to bolster children's social-behavioral skills have focused on strengthening teachers' skills. This study examined the extent to which a 12-session group-based program for strengthening parenting skills, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP), could be implemented with fidelity in 12 urban schools serving a large population of young children (>95% African American or Latino) living in poverty. Parents of 380 prekindergarten students enrolled in the CPP. Data were collected on child behavior problems; parent satisfaction, attendance, and weekly practice completion; and implementation adherence and competence. Results indicated that CPP group leaders were highly adherent and competent; parents rated groups highly and attended an average of 8 sessions indicating CPP was implemented with high fidelity. Barriers and supports to implementation are reviewed, and implications for long-term sustainability of school-based interventions like CPP are discussed.

Keywords: early childhood/early intervention; mental health; parent/family; program development/evaluation.

MeSH terms

  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Chicago
  • Child Behavior Disorders / prevention & control
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Parents / education*
  • Poverty
  • Program Evaluation
  • School Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Students