DNA replication initiates at many discrete loci on eukaryotic chromosomes, and individual replication origins are regulated under a spatiotemporal program. However, the underlying mechanisms of this regulation remain largely unknown. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the telomere-binding protein Taz1, ortholog of human TRF1/TRF2, regulates a subset of late replication origins by binding to the telomere-like sequence near the origins. Here, we showed using a lacO/LacI-GFP system that Taz1-dependent late origins were predominantly localized at the nuclear periphery throughout interphase, and were localized adjacent to the telomeres in the G1/S phase. The peripheral localization that depended on the nuclear membrane protein Bqt4 was not necessary for telomeric association and replication-timing control of the replication origins. Interestingly, the shelterin components Rap1 and Poz1 were required for replication-timing control and telomeric association of Taz1-dependent late origins, and this requirement was bypassed by a minishelterin Tpz1-Taz1 fusion protein. Our results suggest that Taz1 suppresses replication initiation through shelterin-mediated telomeric association of the origins at the onset of S phase.
Keywords: Rap1; Taz1; chromatin organization; replication timing; telomere.
© 2018 The Authors.