Background: Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) is one of the most common noxious antenatal conditions in humans, inducing a substantial proportion of preterm delivery and leading to a significant increase in perinatal mortality, neurological handicaps and chronic diseases in adulthood. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the postnatal consequences of FGR, with a particular emphasis on the long-term consequences on respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological structures and functions.
Result and conclusion: FGR represents a global health challenge, and efforts are urgently needed to improve our understanding of the critical factors leading to FGR and subsequent insults to the developing organs.
Keywords: FGR; diseases; long-term handicap; maternal malnutrition; neonatal brain injury; perinatal mortality..
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