Prevalence of Patients With Self-Reported Hidradenitis Suppurativa in a Cohort of Danish Blood Donors: A Cross-Sectional Study

Br J Dermatol. 2019 Apr;180(4):774-781. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16998. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Abstract

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by recurrent inflamed nodules. No pathognomonic test is available for HS; hence the diagnosis is based on three clinical criteria.

Objectives: To estimate the cross-sectional prevalence and characterize patients with HS in the Danish Blood Donor Study cohort.

Methods: A questionnaire previously developed containing HS screening questions, the Major Depression Inventory, the Short Form-12, as well as questions about height, weight and drinking habits was answered by 27 765 blood donors.

Results: The prevalence of HS was 1·8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1·6-2·0%] in the cohort of Danish blood donors. Donors with HS were on average 4·7 years younger (P < 0·001), had 1·3 kg m-2 higher mean body mass index (BMI) (P < 0·001) and were significantly more likely to smoke [odds ratio (OR) 1·44, 17·9% vs. 13·1%, P = 0·002] compared with donors without HS. Furthermore, significantly more donors with HS were classified as having moderate depression (3·2% vs. 0·7%, P < 0·001). Also, significantly more patients with HS were apprenticeship educated, received educational support and sickness or cash benefits.

Conclusions: The prevalence of HS in the cohort of blood donors was estimated to 1·8% (95% CI 1·6-2·0%). Donors with HS reported characteristics similar to those reported for hospital-based patients with HS such as higher BMI, smoking rates and lower socioeconomic status than donors without HS.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Donors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Hidradenitis Suppurativa / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report / statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Social Class