Restriction endonuclease cleavage site mapping was used to locate the regions of highest sequence homology in the chromosomes of Salmonella typhimurium bacteriophages L and P22. These lie in the DNA packaging, tail, early transcription antitermination, and perhaps integration "gene modules." Other regions of the two genomes are substantially less closely related. Phage L, which has no functional immunity I region, lacks approximately 1300 bp of DNA when compared to P22 in this section of the chromosome. At least some of the virion structural proteins are interchangeable between the two phages, which suggests that the two phage structural protein genes are very closely related. In addition, the apparent molecular weights of most P22 and L phage structural proteins are very similar. However, the phage L virion contains about 140 molecules of a 15K capsid protein which apparently has no P22 analog.